How to configure a sticky header to prevent page jump
As I’ve been out browsing the web lately, I’ve come across quite a few sticky headers that are implemented in a way that causes the page to jump up as scrolling begins. They are statically positioned at the top of the page, and then convert to fixed position when the page is scrolled down to a certain point. That works well, except removing an element from its position in the page leaves a gap, and that gap will close immediately after the element is removed, causing the page to jump up.
Fortunately, the fix is simple and straightforward. We must simply fill the gap left by a sticky header. We can fill it in a number of ways, a few of which I will detail now.
Apply padding to the top or bottom of the nearest element
var navHeight = document.getElementById('site-header').offsetHeight,
page = document.getElementById('page');
page.style.paddingTop = navHeight + 'px';
Keep in mind that
.offsetHeight will include padding and border, but not margin.
Add an empty
<div> after the sticky header
This method is used by Stickyfill, which I’ve written about before. This method is a little more flexible if you’re looking to make multiple items sticky or if you aren’t sure what elements will be reliably above or below the header. Rather than reinventing a wheel, add Stickyfill to your project and follow its implementation. It does an excellent job and won't lead to issues with page jump.